Sinclair, U. Chapter The Jungle Lit2Go Edition. Sinclair, Upton. Lit2Go Edition. April 19, With one member trimming beef in a cannery, and another working in a sausage factory, the family had a first-hand knowledge of the great majority of Packingtown swindles. For it was the custom, as they found, whenever meat was so spoiled that it could not be used for anything else, either to can it or else to chop it up into sausage. With what had been told them by Jonas, who had worked in the pickle rooms, they could now study the whole of the spoiled-meat industry on the inside, and read a new and grim meaning into that old Packingtown jest—that they use everything of the pig except the squeal.
Jonas had told them how the meat that was taken out of pickle would often be found sour, and how they would rub it up with soda to take away the smell, and sell it to be eaten on free-lunch counters; also of all the miracles of chemistry which they performed, giving to any sort of meat, fresh or salted, whole or chopped, any color and any flavor and any odor they chose. In the pickling of hams they had an ingenious apparatus, by which they saved time and increased the capacity of the plant—a machine consisting of a hollow needle attached to a pump; by plunging this needle into the meat and working with his foot, a man could fill a ham with pickle in a few seconds.
And yet, in spite of this, there would be hams found spoiled, some of them with an odor so bad that a man could hardly bear to be in the room with them. It was only when the whole ham was spoiled that it came into the department of Elzbieta. Cut up by the two-thousand-revolutions-a-minute flyers, and mixed with half a ton of other meat, no odor that ever was in a ham could make any difference.
There was never the least attention paid to what was cut up for sausage; there would come all the way back from Europe old sausage that had been rejected, and that was moldy and white—it would be dosed with borax and glycerine, and dumped into the hoppers, and made over again for home consumption. There would be meat that had tumbled out on the floor, in the dirt and sawdust, where the workers had tramped and spit uncounted billions of consumption germs.
There would be meat stored in great piles in rooms; and the water from leaky roofs would drip over it, and thousands of rats would race about on it. It was too dark in these storage places to see well, but a man could run his hand over these piles of meat and sweep off handfuls of the dried dung of rats. These rats were nuisances, and the packers would put poisoned bread out for them; they would die, and then rats, bread, and meat would go into the hoppers together.
This is no fairy story and no joke; the meat would be shoveled into carts, and the man who did the shoveling would not trouble to lift out a rat even when he saw one—there were things that went into the sausage in comparison with which a poisoned rat was a tidbit. There was no place for the men to wash their hands before they ate their dinner, and so they made a practice of washing them in the water that was to be ladled into the sausage. There were the butt-ends of smoked meat, and the scraps of corned beef, and all the odds and ends of the waste of the plants, that would be dumped into old barrels in the cellar and left there.
Under the system of rigid economy which the packers enforced, there were some jobs that it only paid to do once in a long time, and among these was the cleaning out of the waste barrels. Such were the new surroundings in which Elzbieta was placed, and such was the work she was compelled to do. It was stupefying, brutalizing work; it left her no time to think, no strength for anything.The variety of jobs that the various members of Jurgis' family work in Packingtown enables them to experience firsthand the various "Packingtown swindles.
He does not succumb to the temptation all at once, but rather he gradually submits to its false promises of escape. While Jurgis starts to drink, Ona's deterioration accelerates.
She has fits of hysteria and nervousness that Jurgis cannot understand and Elzbieta cannot explain. Though she blames it on another pregnancy, Jurgis thinks it is something more than that. In Sinclair's most graphic example of business abuse — the sweeping of poison, rats, and rat dung into the food vat — he is most likely employing a form of hyperbolean extended exaggeration to make a point.How to improve your English writing skills? - Free English lesson
Admittedly, abuses within the system existed, many conditions were unsanitary, and workers were apathetic; but Sinclair once again employs literary license to gain support for his characters and his political ideology.
As is the standard of naturalistic fiction, the stock characters in The Jungle are driven to drink or prostitution. In an industrialized society, no other options exist. Curiously, Jurgis blames marriage and sex for his woes and not the owners as he gradually begins to drink, succumbing to the temptations of alcohol.
Alcohol becomes the solution for many of his problems for some time to come. Ona's prostitution is only foreshadowed, but its effects are evident. She becomes hysterical and breaks down often and is compared to a wounded animal. And the way of life in the jungle is that the wounded are destroyed and devoured. Previous Chapter Next Chapter Removing book from your Reading List will also remove any bookmarked pages associated with this title.
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We recommend keeping it to paragraphs. Cancel Save. An updated version of this lesson plan is available. Card of. You'll gain access to interventions, extensions, task implementation guides, and more for this lesson plan. Consider making two anchor charts: one for the definition of social commentary and one for historical context for the text both discussed in this lesson. Leave these charts up through Lesson These will be very helpful for students, particularly in Lessons 16 and Please wait while your changes are saved.
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I forgot my password. Log in with your LearnZillion account: Username. Please ask your teacher to reset your password for you.Which guides should we add? Request one! Plot Summary. All Symbols Animals Food Packingtown. LitCharts Teacher Editions. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of every Shakespeare play.
LitCharts From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Sign In Sign Up. The Jungle by Upton Sinclair. Download this LitChart! Teachers and parents! Struggling with distance learning? Our Teacher Edition on The Jungle can help. Themes All Themes. Symbols All Symbols.D9x12
Theme Wheel. Themes and Colors Key. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Junglewhich you can use to track the themes throughout the work. The family members' jobs in different areas of the meatpacking business reveals the industry's appalling sanitary conditions. Elzbieta's department exclusively handles spoiled ham, which is pumped full of chemicals, left on the squalid floor, and infested with rats and their droppings.
The meatpackers' toxic hygiene practices, besides being disgusting, serve as a metaphor for the toxic and exploitative labor system the industry perpetuates. Active Themes. The Dehumanizing Evils of Capitalism. Related Quotes with Explanations. Elzbieta is drained by the revolting work she must perform, often lacking even the energy to speak.
She, Jurgisand Ona regularly trudge home in silence, fall straight asleep, and return to their work early the next morning. In their less numb moments, the family members are overcome with hopelessness and anxiety about their debts: "They were beaten; they had lost the game, they were swept aside.
Work has stripped the family of their most fundamental human attributes, leaving them able to focus only on basic, animal needs.Students then express their understanding by evaluating the effectiveness of the unit texts and writing their own speech using rhetorical devices. They revise their summaries, begun in lesson 1, one final time.
Students select and narrow their topic, creating a research question. What organizational structures does Carrie Chapman Catt use to set up her speech? Explain how she does this in her speech. Be specific, use quoted lines. Why does this make her speech effective?Sheriff bookings
Students analyze the text specifically for details of logos. Identify organizational structures of a speech, including the specific purpose statement. If your computer is not networked to the classroom printer, email your document link to me so I can print it for you. Cite specific examples from the text to support your response.
Restate the essence of the paragraph in a sentence containing ten words or fewer. Write one opening statement that outlines the gist of the text: 2. Write two statements that include the following: a. Write one concluding restatement of the gist of the text: complete sentence, 10 words or fewer.
Objective: Students prepare for a timed essay by analyzing rhetorical strategies.Pop ceiling design catalogue 2019
You have 60 minutes to complete the essay from the prompt provided. What are the benefits and risks associated with the use of DDT? Why was the broad use of DDT accepted by society in the s? Who benefited from the use of DDT in large quantities? Why do you think Rachel Carson's message was not well received by some people at the time her book appeared?
Discuss Rachel Carson's idea that humans have "a fundamental right to a healthy environment. What details does Carson provide that build her credibility? In other words, How do we know she is a knowledgeable source? Where does she use Logical Reasoning in her story?
How do they play on the reader's emotions? Objectives: Students gather evidence and develop commentary for the culminating writing task. Kennedy and demonstrate their ability to read, comprehend, and express understanding of a complex text.With two family members working in the cannery and the sausage making plant, the family sees all of the tricks that the packing industry uses to sell meat.
The industry is especially good at manipulating spoiled meat so that it does not smell or look spoiled so that it can be sold. They pump meat full of pickling chemicals to rid it of its smells.
They remove the bone from a ham, along with its rotted meat, and replace it with a hot piece of iron. Rats are a problem in the storage sheds, and the men that work there put out poison bread. When the rats die, they often end up in the piles of meat. There are other things that go into the sausage as well, too horrible to name.
Every few months, men are hired to clean out the waste barrels of spoiled meat, trash, rusty nails, and other things. Soon, Elzbieta sinks into torpor. She and Ona become silent most of the time, too tired to speak. They are both sick and miserable from their work. They had dreamed of freedom in America, but now they cannot even see their child grow up to be strong.
Ona sometimes cries about it at night, but Jurgis is tired and cross.
The Jungle Questions and Answers
She learns to weep silently. Jurgis becomes addicted to alcohol. He struggles with wanting to drink although he knows that he must bring every penny he can home with him. He has a drink with his meals, sometimes, and it makes him happy and allows him to loosen some of his burden. Little Antanas is the least unfortunate member of the family. He is able to bear his sufferings and is healthy. He has so much strength and energy that his mother cannot handle him and cannot give him enough food.
Only Jurgis can calm the child. Antanas soon gets sick with the measles and his crying and wailing are terrible. The family, however, is too tired to care for him, and since children do not often die of the measles, they simply let him cry until his disease passes. All the workers work long shifts in order to keep their places and add some small sum to their income.
All of the members of the family start work at seven in the morning, get a short break for lunch at noon, and then work until ten or eleven at night without another break or bite to eat. They arrive home at night too tired even to take off their clothes to sleep. One morning, a few days before Thanksgiving, Marija wakes Jurgis with a fright.
Ona did not come home the evening before. There was a snowstorm, and everyone is worried that Ona is freezing outside in the cold. He is told that she turned in her time card the night before and left.
Fifteen minutes after seven, Jurgis finally sees Ona arriving for work. He rushes out to meet her, glad to see her alive but anxious to find out what had happened. She tells him that she had to go home with her friend Jadvyga the night before because she had been so tired. She was afraid because she knew he would worry. Jurgis is happy that Ona is okay, and he leaves her to her work and goes to the fertilizer factory. A month passes and, a few days before Christmas, Teta Elzbieta and Marija arrive home at midnight with the shocking news that Ona is once again missing.
They worry that it could be serious this time. He goes back to sleep. The family there tells him that Ona is not there, nor had she ever stayed with them.
Jurgis cannot believe this news or the fact that his wife had willfully deceived him.Topics: Literary AnalysisRhetoric. When used properly, they add layers of complexity to any prose as well as further evidence for an argument.
No one understood this better than Upton Sinclair. Four strong rhetoric devices are periodicity, the Rule of Three, metaphor and rhetorical questions.
Sinclair masterfully demonstrates these in a speech featured in his novel, The Jungle. Periodicity, also referred to as periodic sentences, is defined as long and frequently involved sentence in which the sense is not completely known until the last word.
This is usually an exclamation or climactic sentence. Sinclair used this to gain the attention of the audience by drawing them in to a big finish. By wording his speech this way, he begins by giving the audience an image of themselves, slowly leading them in until he makes his exclamation and thus making his point. This serves to add power to his phrases and lasting resonance at the end of his speech.
Sinclair also uses the power of three in his speech in The Jungle. In literature, three has been considered the magic number for many decades. It is considered to be the right amount of evidence while still being easily remembered and retained by the reader. This is still easy for the audience to ascertain, while being immensely descriptive. Sinclair used metaphors to add further depth, descriptiveness and understanding to his writing.
This metaphor added an interesting twist and gave the speech goers a visual that made it easier for them to comprehend. Sinclair used this metaphor to highlight that even those brave enough to try and rise up are at time corrupted by greed.
Another rhetoric device utilized by Sinclair in his writing was rhetorical questions. These are questions asked within a narrative or a monologue, which an answer is not necessary.
It is obvious that Sinclair was not using this question to open dialogue with the people listening to the speech, but rather to provoke deep thought about the current state of affairs. This technique allows the audience to become more involved with the speaker.700r4 column shift indicator
Rhetorical devices can make the difference between a story or speech or even research paper being boring and forgettable to stirring and inspiring. In the inspiring speech featured in The Jungle by Upton Sinclair there are many rhetoric devices used to capture the attention and imagination of the audience. This not only adds strength to his writing but a memorable quality highlighted by the main character in the novel. This material is available only on Freebooksummary.
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